Advances from the DIPECHO VI Project: Adaptive Learning Mechanism on Tsunami Preparedness at Community Level in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Chile
To date, the Project implemented by the UNESCO under the European Comission Sixth Action Plan in Disaster Preparedness, has completed over 90% of the activities proposed. One of the most important phases has been the conduction during August and September 2010 of workshops to strengthen local preparedness and national emergency plan against tsunamis. Local and regional communities, especially school communities and social organizations located in areas at risk of tsunami, participated at the workshops. The analysis and discussions mainly focused on school safety plans and family security plans. Participants made the commitment to disseminate the knowledge they gained at the workshop to their families and communities.
In Chile, in coordination with the ONEMI, Ministry of Education and the Concepción University, 6 workshops involved 258 students, 59 teachers and 104 representatives of organizations belonging to the towns of Tome, Penco and Coronel in the Bío Bío Region. In Peru, in coordination with the Ministry of Education, Regional Government of Callao and Practical Action, school principals and teachers of 11 institutions of the Callao Region participated at a workshop aiming to establish mechanisms to include disaster risk reduction strategies into school curricula. The workshop promoted the implementation of community-based disaster risk reduction plans and mainly focused on earthquakes and tsunamis. It is important to recall that the Callao Region is highly vulnerable to these natural hazards.
The final report of the project including the results of the four participating countries will be available later this year. More information about the project is now available on the UNESCO website.
National Multi Hazard Early Warning System (NMHEWS) in Oman
On 22 October 2009, UNESCO signed an MoU with the Ministry of Transports and Communications of the Sultanate of Oman which established the conditions of a self-benefiting Fund in Trust to set up a National Multi Hazard Early Warning System (SbFiT NMHEWS) in Oman. The technical missions conducted by the IOC on the request of Oman since 2005 addressed the risk for Oman from tsunami near-field seismic sources such as the Makran source. The project aims at supporting the Direction of Meteorology of Oman (DGMAN) to build a brand new NMHEW Center focused initially on tsunami hazard. It is planned for a period of two years and covers 9 components: (i) NHMEWC staff Terms of Reference (ii) Sea Level Monitoring Network (iii) Seismic Monitoring Network (iv) Communication system for warning dissemination, (v) Education and public awareness, (vi) Bathymetry and Topography, Risk Assessment, (vii) Computers and hardware, (viii) Hazard and Modelling and (ix) IOTWS Coordination.The kick off mission for the project was conducted from 2-8 September, 2010 Not less than six new multi-use sea level stations will be installed in the coast of Oman during the period 2010-2011. In addition, tsunami hazard maps will be developed.